All of the country indicators for South Africa are available for download from this indicator listings table.
This indicator provides the proportion of the total population and the proportion of the employed population living in households with per-capita consumption or income that is below the national poverty line. The poverty line is drawn at a particular level of income or consumption. Households/individuals whose incomes fall below a given level of the poverty line or whose consumption level is valued at less than the value of the poverty line are classified as poor.
This indicator provides the proportion of households that are multi-dimensionally poor based on the South African Multidimensional Poverty Index (SAMPI). The SAMPI is based on four dimensions, namely health, education, living standards and economic activity. It is calculated based on the Alkire-Foster methodology used in the compilation of the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). A household is classified as SAMPI poor if it is deprived in a third or more of the indicators in the index. There are two key measures relating to the South African Multidimensional Poverty Index (SAMPI), namely the headcount and intensity measures.
The CCHIP index is based on 8 occurrence questions that represent a generally increasing level of severity of food insecurity (access) and that are related to whether household members are affected by food shortages, perceived food insufficiency or altered food intake due to constrained economic resources in the household. The CCHIP scores range from 0–8 and are interpreted as follows: Scores of 5–8 affirmative responses: presence of food shortage in the household. Scores of 1–4: members of the household are at risk of hunger. Score of 0: household is food secure. Moderate or severe household food insecurity: scores of 5–8 on the CCHIP index, meaning that members of the household experience food shortages.
Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. The term malnutrition covers 2 broad groups of conditions, namely overweight and undernutrition, which amongst others, includes wasting. Overweight – Weight-for-height describes current nutritional status. A child who is above +2 SD from the reference median for weight-for-height is considered overweight for his or her height; which is a sign of over-nutrition. Wasting – Weight-for-height describes current nutritional status. A child who is below -2 SD from the reference median for weight-for-height is considered too thin for his or her height, or wasted, which is a condition reflecting acute or recent nutritional deficits.
The primary objective of the National Livestock Improvement Scheme is to ensure biologically efficient and economically viable animal production and animal products that meet market demands by providing the Southern African livestock industry with professional and internationally recognised recording and genetic improvement services.
The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 100 000 live births during the same time period. Maternal deaths: The annual number of female deaths from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes) during pregnancy and childbirth or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, expressed per 100 000 live births, for a specified time period.
Unconditional probability of dying between the exact ages of 30 and 70 years from cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease, defined as the percentage of a 30 year old who would die before their 70th birthday from any cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease assuming that she/he would experience current mortality rates at every age she/he would not die from any other cause of death (e.g injuries or HIV/AIDS)
Women protected against pregnancy through partners using modern contraceptive methods, including sterilisations, as a proportion of the female population 15–49 years. Contraceptive years are the total of (Oral pill cycles / 13) + (Medroxyprogesterone injection / 4) + (Norethisterone enanthate injection / 6) + (IUCD x 4) + (Sub-dermal implant x3) + Male condoms distributed / 200) + (Female condoms distributed / 200) + (Male sterilisation x 20) + (Female sterilisation x 10). The population will be divided by 12 in the formula to make provision for annualisation.
Percentage of children and young people in Grade 2 or 3 of primary education, at the end of primary education and the end of lower secondary education achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in (a) reading and (b) mathematics. The minimum proficiency level will be measured relative to new common reading and mathematics scales currently in development.
Proportion of schools with access to (a) electricity (b) the Internet for pedagogical purposes (c) computers for pedagogical purposes (d) adapted infrastructure and materials for students with disabilities (e) basic drinking water (f) single-sex basic sanitation facilities and (g) basic handwashing facilities (as per the WaSH indicator definitions)
Population using an improved drinking water source (piped water into dwellings, yards or plots; public taps or standpipes; boreholes or tubewells; protected dug wells; or protected springs and rainwater) that is located on premises and available when needed and which is free from faecal and priority chemical contamination
The percentage of population using safely managed sanitation services, including a hand- washing facility with soap and water is currently being measured by the proportion of the population using an improved basic sanitation facility at the household level which is not shared with other households and where excreta is safely disposed in situ or treated off-site. ‘Improved’ source defined the same as used for MDG monitoring i.e. flush or pour flush toilets to sewer systems, septic tanks or pit latrines, ventilated improved pit latrines, pit latrines with a slab, and composting toilets.
A measure of the quality of South Africa’s water resources expressed as the percentage of bodies of water that comply to a modified Level 1 set of water quality objectives from the Step_by_Step_Methodology_632_Revision_20180301. The specified variables are oxygen, salinity, nitrogen, phosphorus and pH. Oxygen measurements for South African river systems and most dams are very scarce, this indicator therefor excludes oxygen and adds a local indicator of acid mine drainage, i.e. the ionic ratio of sulphate to total ions. In the case of rivers, waterbodies are tertiary catchments. For dams, each dam is a waterbody. Good water quality status refers to bodies of water that comply to the South African uniform water quality objectives
The degree to which IWRM is implemented, assessed by the four key components of IWRM: enabling environ¬ment, institutions and participation, management instruments and financing. It takes into account the various users and uses of water, with the aim of promoting positive social, economic and environmental impacts at all levels, including the transboundary level, where appropriate. The survey instrument is a questionnaire with ques¬tions relating to each of the four components.
Percentage of transboundary basin area within a country that has an operational arrangement for water coo¬peration. This indicator is reported at the national level by adding up the areas of transboundary basins that are covered by an operational arrangement and dividing the result by the total area of all transboundary basins within the country. For the purpose of this indicator, “basin area” is defined for surface water as the extent of the catchment, and for groundwater as the extent of the aquifer. An “arrangement for water cooperation” is a bilateral or multilateral treaty, convention, agreement or other formal arrangement between riparian countries that provides a framework for cooperation on transboundary water management. The criteria for the arrangement to be considered “operational” are based on key aspects of substantive coo¬peration in water management: the existence of a joint body, regular, formal communication between riparian countries (at least once a year), joint or coordinated management plans or objectives and a regular exchange of data and information (at least once a year).
The total cumulative volume (discharge) of water moving downsream during a hydrological year compared to the naturalised flow set as a baseline. This indictiones the reduction from natural flows, obtained by removing man-made influences such as dams, irrigation schemes, abstractions for mines, industry and towns, return flows from treatment works
Data includes independent power producers (i.e. IPPs) in operation. Production data is subject to the Department's confidentiality protocol as a result of which data is omitted if made up of less than 3 producers, and a single producer must not make up more than 80% of the published value
This indicator provides the income growth rates of household income in the bottom two per-capita income quintiles (40%) in relation to the national income growth rates. The bottom 40% is determined by ranking the households according to their per capita income. The percentage increase in incomes of households at the bottom 40% and national percentage income increase between two data points are then presented as growth rates. Households with annual per capita consumption expenditure falling into quintiles 1 and 2 are grouped together to form the bottom 40%.